mubarak: Navy basic who dominated Egypt after Mubarak ouster dies – Occasions of India



CAIRO: Hussein Tantawi, the Egyptian basic who took cost of the nation when longtime autocrat Hosni Mubarak was compelled to step down amid the 2011 Arab Spring rebellion, died on Tuesday, Egypt’s presidency mentioned. He was 85.
Area Marshal Tantawi, Mubarak’s protection minister for some 20 years, chaired the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces that took energy after Mubarak’s ouster. He was identified to be unquestioningly loyal to the previous president, and oversaw a crackdown on pro-democracy protesters that continued beneath Abdel Fattah el-Sissi, Egypt’s present president. El-Sissi’s authorities has since rolled again most of the freedoms gained in 2011.
Born in October 1935, Tantawi, who suffered from age-related well being issues in current months, died in a hospital in Cairo, based on an individual near his household, who spoke on situation of anonymity as a result of he was not licensed to speak to the media.
His dying got here 19 months after Mubarak died in a Cairo army hospital in February final yr.
Tantawi ran Egypt for 17 months ranging from Feb. 11, 2011, when Mubarak stepped down, till the election of Islamist President Mohammed Morsi in June 2012.
After a brief honeymoon, relations grew more and more hostile between the ruling generals and the pro-democracy motion that had led the 18-day rebellion towards Mubarak.
In some of the violent incidents, in October 2011, army armored automobiles ran over protesters collaborating in a sit-in in entrance of the state tv headquarters, killing a number of beneath their wheels. This marked the beginnings of a fierce marketing campaign to crush dissent, ensuing within the dying of dozens by the hands of safety forces in avenue skirmishes within the following months and the arrest of tons of, lots of them civil society leaders.
Youth teams that had engineered the rebellion towards Mubarak accused Tantawi of using the identical violent techniques as his predecessor. Dismay at police brutality was one of many rallying cries of the 2011 rebellion. However slightly than dismantle the safety companies, beneath Tantawi, the army particularly grew in energy.
Mistreatment of detainees in authorities custody continued, lots of them arrested on trumped-up expenses. Greater than 10,000 civilians had been additionally sentenced by army tribunals throughout Tantawi’s time in energy.
Tantawi and the army’s supreme council loved lukewarm help from the Muslim Brotherhood, earlier than the standoff between the army and the group reached its peak in 2012.
The Muslim Brotherhood, Egypt’s strongest Islamist group, was lengthy oppressed beneath Mubarak. The group gained the elections held after Mubarak’s fall, thought-about the primary free votes the nation had seen. First they gained a majority in parliament, then Morsi squeaked to victory in presidential elections held in 2012, turning into the primary civilian to carry the workplace.
Nevertheless, a court docket dissolved the Brotherhood-led parliament, and the generals granted themselves legislative and budgetary authority and management over the method of drafting a brand new structure. Additionally they put extreme limits on the president’s authority simply days earlier than Morsi, who hailed from the Brotherhood, lengthy oppressed beneath Mubarak, was sworn in as president in June 2012.
Solely two months later, Morsi used a serious militant assault towards troops within the Sinai Peninsula to take away Tantawi, together with chief of employees Sami Enan. He named Gen. el-Sissi, then-head of the army intelligence, as protection minister, changing Tantawi, his longtime mentor. El-Sissi would ultimately oversee Morsi’s elimination from energy amid extra avenue protests.
Tantawi had a powerful army background as an infantry serviceman. He fought within the 1956 Suez Disaster and the 1967 and 1973 Center East wars towards Israel. He grew to become protection minister in 1991, after Mubarak in 1989 eliminated Area Marshal Abdul-Halim Abu Ghazalah, who was rumored to have been sacked due to his rising recognition.
Mubarak appeared decided to not danger the rise of one other highly effective army officer who may pose a problem to his energy _ and Tantawi match the position. However he was criticized for failing to adapt his standard army view to a brand new period of worldwide terrorism.
“The tactical and operational readiness of the Egyptian Armed Forces has decayed” beneath Tantawi’s command, based on a 2008 U.S. diplomatic memo leaked by WikiLeaks.
The cable described the highest basic as “charming and courtly” however “aged and change-resistant.” It mentioned he and Mubarak had been targeted on sustaining the status-quo above all else, and that they confronted criticism from mid-level officers.
“They merely should not have the vitality, inclination or world view to do something in a different way,” the cable mentioned of Mubarak and Tantawi.
Tantawi is survived by a spouse and two sons. Funeral preparations weren’t instantly identified.




Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here